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Tuesday, July 14, 2020 | History

3 edition of A review of materials and methods for the study ofinfant and child mortality in Africa found in the catalog.

A review of materials and methods for the study ofinfant and child mortality in Africa

Alan G. Hill

A review of materials and methods for the study ofinfant and child mortality in Africa

by Alan G. Hill

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  • 27 Currently reading

Published by Centre for Population Studies in London .
Written in English


Edition Notes

Bibliography: p22-39.

StatementAlan G. Hill and Georgia L Kaufmann.
SeriesCPS Research paper -- 87-1, Research paper (Centre for Population Studies) -- 87-1.
ContributionsKaufmann, Georgia L., London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. Centre for Population Studies.
The Physical Object
Pagination38p. ;
Number of Pages38
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL20864495M
ISBN 100902657186
OCLC/WorldCa24738140

  Background In Ethiopia, the trend of neonatal mortality showed slow pace of reduction from – compared to the reduction in infant and under-five mortality over the same period. This study aimed at unpacking the trends of admission, specific causes and rate of neonatal mortality as well as predictors of neonatal mortality at a general hospital in Somali region of Ethiopia. Background: This study aimed to systematically review observational studies on perinatal mortality in South Asia. Methods: This review was conducted according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. Five computerized bibliographic databases: MEDLINE, CINAHL, Embase, PsycINFO, and Scopus were searched for published .

The objective of this review was to assess the trend of infant mortality rate in the period of the Central African Region member states. Methods: Data on infant mortality rates was extracted from to (A 10 year review) using the United Nations Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (IGME) database.   The purpose of this review is to summarize the available information about the occurrence of AMR on the entire African continent and describe laboratory methods currently in use, to identify knowledge gaps and highlight diagnostic needs.

Therefore, infant material mortality is the death of mother or child caused by diseases and other condition related to pregnancy, labour and childbirth. Mass Media: According to Nwosu, (), mass media are channels through which communication is addressed to a large heterogeneous and a cross section of the population.   Infant Mortality and African Americans. African Americans have times the infant mortality rate as non-Hispanic whites. African American infants are times as likely to die from complications related to low birthweight as compared to non-Hispanic white infants.


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A review of materials and methods for the study ofinfant and child mortality in Africa by Alan G. Hill Download PDF EPUB FB2

Child mortality has become a prominent public health issue in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). The mortality rates can in part be translated to how communities meet the health needs of children and address key household and environmental risk factors. Though discussions on the trends and magnitude of child mortality continue as to strategize for a lasting solution, large gap exists specifically in.

Measuring and monitoring progress towards Millennium Development Goals (MDG) 4 and 5 required valid and reliable estimates of maternal and child mortality. In South Africa, there are conflicting reports on the estimates of maternal and neonatal mortality, derived from both direct and indirect estimation techniques.

This study aimed to systematically review the estimates made of Cited by: 2. An analysis of the outbreak of Ebola virus in west Africa showed that the indirect effects of the outbreak were more severe than the outbreak itself. 4 Although mortality rates for COVID appear to be low in children and in women of reproductive age, 5 these groups might be disproportionately affected by the disruption of routine health Cited by: Methods This study used a data set from Africa Health Research Institute in rural South study population comprised children (0–10 years of age) from to Child mortality (4 q 1): the probability of dying between the first and the fifth birthday Under-five mortality (5 q 0): the probability of dying between birth and the fifth birthday All rates are expressed per 1, live births, except for child mortality, which is expressed per File Size: KB.

In sub-Saharan Africa, socioeconomic factors such as place of residence, mother’s educational level, or household wealth, are strongly associated with risk factors of under-five mortality (U5M) such as health behavior or exposure to diseases and injuries.

The aim of the study was to assess the relative contribution of four known socioeconomic factors to the variability in U5M in sub-Saharan. Study population.

This study used data from the Ghana Demographic and Health Survey (GDHS) which is a nationally representative cross sectional study [].The data were obtained from the DHS MEASURE Program [] which is freely available online and contain information on a wide range of population, health and nutrition indicators such as childhood mortality, maternal and child health.

In our study, the neonatal mortality rates ranging from 38 to 47 were much lower than per 1, livebirths during –, but high socioeconomic inequalities were observed. And similar inequalities were clear in the case of infant and under-five mortality. Review Programs.

There are more than 1, Child Death Review Teams in all 50 states, the District of Columbia, Guam and the Navajo Nation. There are Fetal and Infant Mortality Review Teams in 29 states. There are also programs in other countries. Our Status Reports are. The Combined Effect of Water and Sanitation on Child Mortality.

As shown in Figure 1, children aged between 1 and 4 years old living in households with access to both an unimproved source of water and sanitation facilities had a greater risk of child mortality (HR = ; CI: ―) compared with the reference category.

The world made remarkable progress in child survival in the past few decades, and millions of children have better survival chances than in –5 1 in 26 children died before reaching age five incompared to 1 in 11 in Moreover, progress in reducing child mortality has been accelerated in the – period compared with the s, with the annual rate of reduction in the.

Often, there are no definite ways to prevent many of the leading causes of infant mortality. However, there are ways to reduce a baby’s risk.

Researchers continue to study the best ways to prevent and treat the causes of infant mortality and affect the contributors to infant mortality.

Consider the following ways to help reduce the risk. Objectives To identify common factors associated with post-neonatal, infant, child and under-5 mortality in Nigeria.

Design, setting and participants A cross-sectional data of three Nigeria Demographic and Health Surveys (NDHS) for the yearsand were used. A multistage, stratified, cluster random sampling method was used to gather information on 63 singleton live-born.

Measuring and monitoring progress towards Millennium Development Goals (MDG) 4 and 5 requires valid and reliable estimates of maternal and neonatal mortality. In South Africa, there are conflicting reports on the estimates of maternal and neonatal mortality, derived from both direct and indirect estimation techniques.

This study aims to systematically review the estimates made of. Data Brief From 14 U.S. Maternal Mortality Review Committees, Preventing Pregnancy-Related Deaths plus icon Infographic: Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Pregnancy-Related Deaths — United States, – expenditure, which may prevent healthcare access.

Access to healthcare is a known predictor of infant mortality. Therefore the objective of this study is to determine the impact of health care expenditure on infant mortality in sub-Saharan Africa. Methods: The study used panel data from World Bank Development Indictors (WDI) from to Infant mortality is the death of young children under the age of 1.

This death toll is measured by the infant mortality rate (IMR), which is the number of deaths of children under one year of age per live births. The under-five mortality rate, which is referred to as the child mortality rate, is also an important statistic, considering the infant mortality rate focuses only on children.

This study might be the only attempt to robustly estimate annual infant mortality rates for the most recent years in Venezuela. In this sense, two pieces of added value can be identified: the estimation of long-term updated infant mortality rate trends and determination of infant mortality rates during times of crisis and absent data.

Average rates of infant, neonatal, and post-neonatal mortality over the study period were, and per 1, live births, respectively. Each additional month of paid maternity leave was associated with fewer infant deaths per 1, live births, a relative reduction in infant mortality of 13%.

This study aims at examining bio-demographic, socio-economic and environmental mortality in Kenya. Two methods of the logistic regression and survival analysis method are used. The results of the study show that HIV status of the mother and lengths of the preceding birth interval were significantly associated with both Infant and Child Mortality.

Study flow diagram for the Child Health with Azithromycin Treatment (CHAT) study in Nouna District, Burkina Faso, West Africa. This study is a hierarchical factorial study in which communities are randomized to biannual, mass, single-dose azithromycin or placebo distribution to all children aged 1–59 months and infants aged 5–12 weeks are individually randomized to a single dose.

The pattern of the prevalence of infant and child mortality showed that there are three major child killers in the study area: malaria (%), complications at birth (%), and measles (%). The survival probability results show that children born to parents living in an urban area have more chances (%) of survival, as against %.

Nigeria still ranks second globally in the number of maternal deaths. Most maternal death reviews in Nigeria are isolated research based reports from a single health facility. This study determined causes and contributory factors of maternal mortality in Ogun statefollowing a periodic State-widematernal and perinatal deaths surveillance and response (MPDSR) review.

We carried out a.